[Photo Credit: NY Daily News , Cerdomus]
This month Scarlett Johansson was named the “Sexist Woman Alive” by Esquire Magazine for the second time. The Esquire spread shows the actress posed in casual positions that make her beauty seem simple, effortless, and most of all – natural. She exudes the qualities that so many women covet and so many men adore. Interestingly, when looking at her silhouette, I notice an uncanny resemblance to another American beauty icon – Marilyn Monroe. Both Scarlett and Marilyn represent undeniable, timeless beauty. So what is it that really makes this 28-year old actress (and Marliyn) so beautiful? Here is what I think:
1. What Makes A Beautiful Facial Structure?
Scarlett, like Marilyn, has a very symmetrical face. My training as a Harvard Plastic Surgery Resident at Boston Children’s Hospital made me keenly aware of the subtle craniofacial deformities that so many American’s suffer from. These deformities have skyrocketed as a result of the trend to have babies sleep on their backs. If a child’s head is not sufficiently rotated from side to side, then the back of the head can become flattened thereby shifting the alignment of the face making it uneven. It occurred to me that the “easy” babies are the ones who tend to suffer from this asymmetry because they are content to quietly lie in their cribs. I joke that my three boys have perfectly round heads because they were so colicky and always had to be held. So symmetry of the face (even eyes, ears and cheeks) is a very important characteristic when evaluating the beauty of the face.
Scarlett and Marilyn also share an oval facial shape comprised of subtle curves and a soft shape. Unlike an overly defined, boxy, or bony face, the oval facial structure is time and again associated with undeniable beauty (take Kim Kardashian as another example). As men and women age, the rounded shape of the face becomes tainted by muscle loss and gravity. The jawline loses its definition as the jowls migrate and sag. Likewise, the temples begin to hollow giving the face a “figure eight” shape rather than an elongated zero.
The solution to this problem is simple: I inject facial fillers for both male and female patients (such as Sculptra Aesthetic®, Radiesse®, Perlane® and Juvederm®) into the jawline and temples to help restore the natural curves and the youthful “zero” shape to the face. These Dermal Fillers are also a perfect remedy to restore volume in the cheeks. However, I cannot emphasize enough how important it is that fillers are injected by an Expert Injector™ who is educated about the correct proportions of the face. I see so many women whose cheeks are over injected making them look unnatural, alien-like and certainly not characteristic of an American beauty icon. Always be sure to have your injections performed by a Board Certified Plastic Surgeon (and not a cosmetic surgeon as their training is not supervised by the American Board of Medical Specialties are they are not required to undergo same rigorous training and years of written and oral examinations as Plastic Surgeons).
2. What Makes Beautiful Eyes?
What do Scarlett’s and Marilyn’s eyes have in common? They are almond shaped eyes perfectly framed with long eyebrows. As we age, our eyes become more rounded as a result of a number of different forces: the corners of the eyes descend with gravity, the skin of the upper eyelids droops over the eyelashes, and the skin of the lower eyelids drops causing bags. The hollowing of the interior corners of the eyes further increase facial shadows that distract from the youthful almond shape of the eyes. For my patients whose eyes begin to show these signs of aging, I recommend an upper blepharoplasty, lower blepharoplasty or combined upper and lower blepharoplasties. I perform upper blepharoplasties under local anesthesia in my certified surgery center which provides patients with minimal downtime. Lower blepharoplasties must be performed under general anesthesia in an outpatient surgery center. Both surgeries can provide somewhat easy solutions to regaining a youthful face. One of the mistakes that some facial plastic surgeons make is pinching the outer corners of the eyelids during surgery (Kenny Rogers for example). This closes the rounds the shape of the eyes thereby severing the coveted, youthful almond shape.
3. What Makes a Beautiful Nose?
As a Rhinoplasty Surgery Specialist, noses are one of my favorite parts of the body. When analyzing Scarlett’s and Marilyn’s noses, I notice that they are extremely similar in that they both have soft nasal lines – there is nothing harsh or jagged about their noses. Despite their similarities, I prefer the slightly more feminine tip shape of Scarlett’s nose to Marilyn’s, whose tip is still somewhat bulbous (despite having undergone rhinoplasty surgery). Rhinoplasty surgery should enhance the soft lines of the face. One of the mistakes that many plastic surgeons make is that they over-define the nose thereby making the nasal lines overly harsh and unnatural. When choosing a Board Certified Plastic Surgeon for your Rhinoplasty Procedure, it is important to determine that you both share the same aesthetic goals. I use Vectra 3D imaging for my patients so that together my patient and I can sculpt the desired surgical result.
4. What Makes Beautiful Lips?
The proportion between the upper and lower lips is huge factor in determining whether a woman’s lips are beautiful. As we age, our lips lose volume and become thinner. Generally speaking, the upper lip should be 2/3rds the size of the bottom lip. For ultra-sexy lips, some women prefer upper and lower lips that are nearly symmetrical in voluptuousness. That being said, the upper lip should never be larger than the lower lip or else you risk looking over-done and even malformed. I restore the youthful appearance of the lips for many of my patients with Dermal Filler Injections (Radiesse®, Perlane® and Juvederm®). I use a topical anesthetic as well as an injectable pain block to make the procedure more comfortable for my patients. For many of my older patients, I inject Dermal Filler into their lips (as well as the small lines around their lips) to restore the volume lost as a result of age. For some of my younger patients, I create an upper/lower lip proportion using filler that procures the voluptuousness of Scarlett’s and Marilyn’s lips.
5. What Makes a Beautiful Breast and Body?
The soft subtle contour of Scarlett’s and Marilyn’s faces is the same characteristic that makes their bodies undeniably beautiful. Neither actress is overly thin or bony. Like Marilyn Monroe, Scarlett’s breasts are natural, yet voluptuous and the curves of her body mimic the theme. As a plastic surgeon, I recommend breast implants that are proportionate to the patient’s body frame as a means help restore the natural feminine curves that are often depleted with pregnancy. I also perform fat transfers to the buttocks as a way to help maintain the soft feminine curves of the body.
It is the soft lines of Scarlett’s and Marilyn’s faces and the natural curves of their bodies that make these starlets beauty icons. Always remember to consult a Board Certified Plastic Surgeon (not a cosmetic surgeon) when looking to enhance your appearance through Botox® and Dermal Fillers and cosmetic surgery. Be sure that you and your Board Certified Plastic Surgeon share the same goals for Beautiful, Natural Results.
John Cononors MD
Double Board Certified Plastic Surgeon